Public Health Nuisances
Portage County Health District responds to and investigates public health nuisance complaints. In simple terms, a public health nuisance is when a property is in a condition that threatens or potentially threatens the health of a person or community.
Below are examples of environmental public health nuisances that the Health District will investigate:
- Malfunctioning home septic systems and sewage
- Accumulation of trash, garbage and materials on properties
- Rat and rodent infestations
- Animal waste and manure
- Dead animals
- Unsanitary, unsafe housing or living conditions
Below are examples of environmental concerns at a licensed or regulated facility:
- Food Service or Food Establishment
- Swimming Pool
Nuissance Complaint Procedure
Except for food complaints as allowed by law, all other complaints must be received in writing and Complaint Report Forms must be signed. Include as much detailed information regarding the problem as possible, and be certain to include your contact information so that you can be reached for further questions and/or to be notified of results of investigations.
If you would like to register a complaint regarding a nuisance property or condition, please complete the nuisance complaint form.
Ohio Revised Code (ORC) 3701.01
A local board of health may, by order, compel the owners, agents, assignees, occupants, or tenants of any lot, property, building, or structure to abate and remove any nuisance therein, and prosecute such persons for neglect or refusal to obey such orders. Except in cities having a building department, or otherwise exercising the power to regulate the erection of buildings, the board may regulate the location, construction, and repair of water closets, privies, cesspools, sinks, plumbing, and drains. In cities having such departments or exercising such power, the legislative authority, by ordinance, shall prescribe such rules and regulations as are approved by the board and shall provide for their enforcement.
The board may regulate the location, construction, and repair of yards, pens, and stables, and the use, emptying, and cleaning of such yards, pens, and stables and of water closets, privies, cesspools, sinks, plumbing, drains, or other places where offensive or dangerous substances or liquids are or may accumulate.
When a building, erection, excavation, premises, business, pursuit, matter, or thing, or the sewerage, drainage, plumbing, or ventilation thereof is, in the opinion of the board, in a condition dangerous to life or health, and when a building or structure is occupied or rented for living or business purposes and sanitary plumbing and sewerage are feasible and necessary, but neglected or refused, the board may declare it a public nuisance and order it to be removed, abated, suspended, altered, or otherwise improved or purified by the owner, agent, or other person having control thereof or responsible for such condition, and may prosecute him for the refusal or neglect to obey such order.